It was God who started a covenant with man. God created
the man with holiness (Sanctification of the Church),
but when he sinned against him, God by His merciful
heart, wanted to bring him back (Renewal of the Church),
and He wanted to have a relation with man under certain
conditions for his salvation.
God fulfilled His promises and was honest in spite of
our dishonesty. The covenant of God with man was an
The first covenant that God made with man was in the
days of Noah, before and after the deluge. The condition
that God stipulated was that man should leave the wicked
world that was condemned to death and annihilation,
enter into the ark to be saved and have life, security,
and peace. Noah and his sons joined that covenant,
thus they gained God's blessing, the rest of the people
who did not join the covenant were punished by death.
The blessing for anyone who entered the ark was a symbol
for the life of anyone who entered the Church, as he
would be under the guardianship and the care of God.
After the ark had come to land, and after Noah had
presented an acceptable sacrifice to God, God was
"This is the sign of the covenant which I make between
Me and you, and every living creature that is
for perpetual generations: I set My rainbow in the
cloud, and it shall be for the sign of the covenant
between Me and the earth. It shall be, when I bring a
cloud over the earth, that the rainbow shall be seen in
cloud; and I will remember My covenant which is
between Me and you and every living creature of all
waters shall never again become 'a flood to
destroy all flesh."
The second covenant was made between God and the great
"Now the Lord had said to Abram: Get out
country, from your kindred and from your father's house,
to a land that I will show you. I will make you a
great nation; I will bless you and make your name great; and
you shall be a blessing. I will bless those who bless
you, and I will curse him who curses you; and in you all
the families of the earth shall be blessed."(Genesis
Later on, there was another covenant with Abram, that
is, the covenant of circumcision, of which the Lord
"This is my covenant which you shall keep between me and
you and your seed after you. Every man or child (boy)
among you shall be circumcised... And it shall be a
token of the covenant between me and you. And the
uncircumcised man or child whose flesh of his foreskin
is not circumcised that soul shall be cut off from his
he hath broken my covenant."
Circumcision was a symbol of the death of the body, so
that we throw out the reason of death (Sin) from our
and might obtain life. Circumcision symbolizes
baptism, in which we die with Christ so that we may live
The covenant stated that he who was not
circumcised would be cut off from His people, exactly
like anyone who is
not baptized wouldn't be saved.
We notice that the covenant included a blessing to those
who joined it and abided by the words of God, as well as
a punishment to those who did not join and also
disobeyed. So a punishment was for anyone who broke the
covenant, like that which was given to the one who was
Later on, there was another covenant; the covenant which
God gave to Moses, was sprinkled with blood. For
first time, it was a written covenant for all
people, including blessings and curses.
Moses took the Book of the Covenant and read to the
"All that God said shall he obeyed,
Moses took some of the blood and said,"this is the blood of the covenant which God made with
you about all these
The Ten Commandments constituted a covenant between God
and the people. The Commandments were written
tablets that were called the "tablets of the covenant"
and were put into a tabernacle, which was called
the "tabernacle of the covenant."
The tabernacle of the covenant was a symbol of the
presence of God with His people. The observance of the
commandments meant that God was their God and that they
were His people. According to this covenant, God
them the commandments to obey, and in return, He would
guard and bless them.
All the commandments of God and all the scriptures were
a covenant. This is why the old scriptures have been
called "the Old Testament" and the scriptures after the
coming of Christ are called "the New Testament". The
Bible exemplifies a covenant between us and God.
Whoever believes in the Holy Bible, should recognize
that there is a covenant between him and God. As long as
are the children of God, and as long as we are
believers, we are bound by this covenant.
The New Covenant was made by Christ
St. Paul the apostle says of the Lord Christ that,
"He is the mediator of a better covenant which was
upon better promises,"
and they are really better promises. With the Old
Covenant (Testament) God had Promised
Land, which was a
symbol of the Land of the Living in the New Covenant
(Testament) of Christ. The fact that it is
with milk and honey is a symbol of
"what no eye has seen, no ear has heard of, and of what
occurred to the mind of any human being."
The abundance of posterity symbolizes the spread of
faith and the
increase of the number of believers, and
the extent of age symbolizes eternity.
There is another covenant that we establish with God
from the beginning of our life through baptism. This is
the baptized one (or on his/her behalf, the
Godparents) during the ceremony recite openly: "I
renounce Satan; I
renounce Satan; I renounce Satan."
During baptism we also make a vow to believe in God and
follow His ways, and in the new life in which we have
worn Christ when the baptized says: "I believe in Christ
our Lord" (3 times).
covenant in our life that we keep with God is by
partaking in the Eucharist (taking His Body and His
It is the covenant that was made on Maundy
Thursday, the day in which God made the covenant with
disciples and gave them His Flesh and His Blood,
which is called by the Church "Covenant Thursday." God
"Each time you eat from this bread and drink from this
cup you preach my death, acknowledge my
resurrection and remember me until I come."
So when we celebrate the Eucharist, we keep in our
covenant that we pledge with God each time we
partake of it.
We also enter into a covenant with God whenever we make
a vow. We often undergo pressure in case of sickness,
adversity, demands or desires, and make vows beyond our
capacity and liability of execution.
A covenant with God should be regarded with seriousness
and not obligation. We should know with whom we are
making an agreement. It is with God, the Creator, the
Infinite, the Imperceptible, the God of gods. We should
know the punishment for those who break the
covenant. We do not have to try to do away with those
vows or try
to change or delay them, because it is
written in the scripture,
"You had better not make vows at all, rather than
vows and not execute them. "
his epistle to the Hebrews St. Paul, the apostle,
explained the punishment for those who do not keep
how much worse punishment, do you suppose, will he be
thought worthy who has trampled
the Son of God
underfoot, counted the blood of the covenant by which he
was sanctified a common thing, and
insulted the Spirit
of grace? For we know Him who said, “Vengeance is
Mine, I will repay,”
says the Lord. And
again, “The LORD will judge His
It is a fearful thing to fall into the hands of the
All the covenants of God which are made with the fathers
of Old and New Testament, are covenants made with
us personally. Regarding this, Moses says:
"The Lord our God made a covenant with us in Horeb. The
not this covenant with our fathers, but with
us, even us, who are all of us here alive this day."
(Deuteronomy 5:2 & 3)
Our covenants with God are sprinkled and approved with
the Blood of Christ (Who did the eternal Covenant by
His Blood). This is why St. Paul said (about the
consecration of the believer that with the blood of the
with which he has been consecrated):
"Our sins are obliterated at baptism by the Blood of
and such is the
case in the sacrament of Confession and
the sacrament of the Eucharist, in which we take the
Blood of Christ,
which purifies everything.
With celebrating the Sanctification of the Church (the
church is the people who believe in God) we remember
God created us and sanctified us with His breath.
And by the Renewal of the Church, we renew our covenant
God who renewed us after we had sinned by the Blood
of His only-begotten Son. The Sundays coming after, the
church is remembering dispensation of our Lord Christ
and how God the Father by His great love toward mankind
sent His Son to save and keep the covenant that we
failed to keep.
We pray to God to grant us the will power to be honest
with Him and keep the covenant that is between us and