ܕܡܪܥܝܬܐ ܕܐܘܚܕ̈ܢܐ ܡܥܪ̈ܒܝܐ ܕܐܡܝܪܟܐ
|Mor Gewargis (St. George), April 23|
The Holy Great martyr St. George, was a native of Cappadocia (a district in Asia Minor), his father's name was Anastasius, and his mother's name was Theobaste. He grew up in a deeply believing Christian family. His father had accepted martyrdom for Christ, when George was still a child. His mother, owning lands in Palestine, resettled there with her son and raised him in strict piety.
When he was twenty years old and fatherless, he went to Emperor Diocletian to take over his father's position. He found that the Emperor had apostatized the faith and ordered the worship of idols. George was sorrowful, and he gave all his wealth to the poor and needy and set his slaves free.
Having grown up in Palestine, Saint George entered into the service of the Roman army. He was handsome, brave and valiant in battle. He drew the attention of the roman emperor Diocletian (284-305) and became one of the Emperor's favorite soldiers. He was accepted into the imperial guards with the rank-title of "comites" -- one of the higher military officer ranks.
The pagan emperor Diocletian, while having done much for the restoration of Roman power, was quite clearly concerned as to what sort of danger the triumph of the Crucified Savior might present to pagan civilization. He, especially in the final years of his reign intensified his persecution against the Christians as he became their bitter enemy. Upon the advice of the Senate at Nicomedia, Diocletian gave all his governors full authority through their court proceedings against Christians, to put to death every Christian they could find. and from his part, he promised them all possible help.
Saint George, having learned about the decision of the emperor, was sorrowful. After distributing his wealth to the poor, he set free his servants and then appeared in the Senate. The brave soldier of Christ spoke out openly against the emperor's desires. He confessed himself a Christian and appealed to all to acknowledge the true faith in Christ: "I am a servant of Christ, my God, and trusting on Him, I have come amidst ye at mine own will, to witness concerning the Truth."
Stunned by the bold speech of the valiant warrior, the emperor -- who loved and had promoted George, attempted to persuade him not to throw away his youth, glory and honors, but rather and according to Roman tradition, offer sacrifice to the gods. The resolute reply of the confessor followed : "Nothing in this unworthy life can weaken my resolve to serve God." Then by order of the enraged emperor the armed-guards began to jostle Saint George out of the assembly hall with their spears and led him off to prison. But the deadly steel became soft and it bent just as the spears touched the body of the saint, and caused him no harm. In prison they put the feet of the martyr in stocks and placed a heavy stone on his chest.
The next day at the interrogation, powerless but firm in spirit, Saint George again answered the emperor: "Thou wilt become exhausted sooner, tormenting me, than I being tormented of thee." Then Diocletian gave orders to subject Saint George to some very intense tortures. They tied the Great Martyr to a wheel, beneath which were set up boards inset with sharp pieces of iron. With the turning of the wheel the sharp edges tore at the bared body of the saint. At first the sufferer loudly cried out to the Lord, but soon he quieted, not letting out even a single groan. Diocletian decided that the tortured one was already dead, and he gave orders to remove the battered body from the wheel and set off to a pagan temple to offer a thanksgiving-offering. But at this very moment it got dark all over, thunder boomed, and a voice was heard: "Fear not, George, for I am with thee." Then a wondrous light shone, and at the wheel appeared an Angel of the Lord in the form of a radiant youth. And just as he laid his hand upon the martyr, saying to him: "Rejoice!" -- Saint George stood up healed. And when the soldiers led him off to the pagan temple, where the emperor was, the emperor could not believe his own eyes and he thought that the one in front of him was some other man or even a ghost. In confusion and in terror the pagans looked Saint George over carefully, and they became convinced that actually a miracle had occurred. Many thereupon came to believe in the Life-Creating God of the Christians. Two illustrious officials, Saints Anatolius and Protoleon -- secretly Christians -- therewith openly confessed Christ. And right away, without a trial, by order of the emperor were beheaded with the sword. Present also in the pagan temple was the Empress Alexandra, the wife of Diocletian, and she too knew the truth. She was on the point of glorifying Christ, but one of the servants of the emperor took her and led her off to the palace.
The emperor became all the more furious. But not having lost all hope of swaying Saint George, he gave him over to new fearsome torments. Having thrown him down into a deep pit full of lime. Three days later they dug him out but found him cheerful and unharmed. They shod the saint in iron sandals with red-hot nails, and with blows they drove him back to the prison. In the morning, when they led him back to interrogation, cheerful and with healthy feet, he said to the emperor, that the sandals had fit him well. Then they beat him with ox-thongs so much, that his body and blood became mingled with the ground, but the brave sufferer, strengthened by the power of God, remained unyielding.
Having decided, that magic was helping the saint, the emperor summoned the sorcerer Athanasias, so that he should try to deprive the saint of his miraculous powers, or else poison him. The sorcerer gave Saint George two goblets with drugged ingredients, One of which should have quieted him, and the other kill him. But the drugs also did not work, and the saint continued to denounce the pagan superstitions and glorify the True God.
To the question of the emperor, what sort of power it was that helped the saint, Saint George answered: "Think not, that the torments do me no harm thanks to human powers -- I am saved only by calling upon Christ and His Power. Whoso believeth on Him hath no regard for tortures and is able to do the deeds, that Christ did" (Jn 14:12). Diocletian asked : what sort of deeds were they that Christ did. -- "To give sight to the blind, to cleanse the leprous, to grant walking to the lame, to the deaf -- hearing, to cast out demons and to raise up the dead."
Knowing, that neither by sorcery, nor by any of the gods known to him, had they been able to resurrect the dead. And trying to test the faith of the saint, the emperor commanded him to raise up a dead person right in front of his eyes. To this the saint replied: "Thou wouldst tempt me, but for the salvation of the people which shalt see the deed of Christ, my God wilt work this sign." And when they led Saint George down to the graveyard, he cried out: "O Lord! Show to those here present, that Thou art the One-Only God throughout the entire world, let them know Thee as the Almighty Lord." And the earth did quake, a grave opened up, the dead one emerged and came alive. Having seen with their own eyes the Almighty Power of Christ, the people wept and glorified the True God. The sorcerer Athanasius, falling down at the feet of Saint George, confessed Christ as the All-Powerful God and besought forgiveness of his sins, committed in ignorance. The obdurate emperor in his impiety thought otherwise: in a rage he ordered the beheading of both the new-believer Athanasius and likewise the man resuscitated from the dead, and had Saint George again locked up in prison. The people, weighed down with their infirmities, began in various ways to penetrate the prison and there received healings and help from the saint. There resorted to him also a certain farmer named Glycerios, whose ox had collapsed. The saint with a smile consoled him and assured him, that God would restore his ox to life. Seeing at home the ox alive, the farmer began to glorify the God of the Christians throughout the city. By order of the emperor, Saint Glycerios was arrested and beheaded.
The wonders and miracles of the Great Martyr George had increased the number of Christians, and therefore Diocletian decided to make a final attempt to compel the saint to offer sacrifice to the idols. They began to set up a court at the pagan temple of Apollo. On the final night the holy martyr prayed fervently, and when he dozed off, he beheld the Lord Himself, Who raised him up with His hand, and hugged him in, giving him a kiss of greeting. The Savior placed a crown on the head of the Great Martyr and said: "Fear not, but rather make bold and be vouchsafed My Kingdom."
In the morning at the court the emperor offered Saint George a new test -- he proposed to him to become his co-emperor. The holy martyr with a feigned willingness answered, that from the very beginning the emperor had seemed inclined not to torture him but rather show mere mercy, and with this he expressed the wish to go forthwith into the pagan temple of Apollo. Diocletian decided that the martyr was accepting his offer, and he followed him into the pagan temple with his accompanying retinue and the people. Everyone waited, wondering whether Saint George would offer sacrifice to the gods. He, however, in going up to the idol, made the sign of the Cross and turned towards it, as though it were alive: "You wish to receive from me sacrifice befitting God?" The demon inhabiting the idol cried out: "I am not God and none of those like me are God. The One-Only God is He Whom you preach. We are of those servant-angels of His, which became apostate, and in the grips of jealousy we do tempt people." "How dare ye to be here, when hither have come I, the servant of the True God?" -- asked the saint. Then crash and wailing was heard and the idols fell down and were shattered.
There began a general confusion. In a frenzy pagan-priests and many of the throng pounced upon the holy martyr, they tied him up and began to beat him up and demand his immediate execution.
Through noise and shouts rushed the holy empress Alexandra. Pushing her way through the crowd, she cried out: "Thou God of George, help me, in as Thou Alone art All-Powerful." At the feet of the Great Martyr the holy empress glorified Christ, Who had humiliated the idols and those worshipping them.
Enraged, Diocletian immediately pronounced the death sentence against the Great Martyr George and the holy Empress Alexandra, who alone followed Saint George to execution. Along the way she collapsed and slumped senseless against a wall. Everyone thought that the empress was dead. Saint George offered up thanks to God and he prayed that he should end his path worthily. At the place of execution the saint in heated prayer besought the Lord, that He would forgive the torturers that knew not what they did, and that He would lead them to the knowledge of Truth. Calmly and bravely, the holy Great Martyr George bent his neck beneath the sword. This occurred on 23 April 303.
In confusion the executioners and the judges catch glimpse of their Conqueror. In a bloody agony and mindless thrashing about ended the era of paganism. It lasted for ten years more -- up until the time of Constantine, who was one of the successors to Diocletian on the Roman throne, and who gave orders to imprint the Cross on his military-banners, as a testament also sealed by the blood of the Great Martyr George and that of the blood of thousands of unknown martyrs: "By this sign thou wilt conquer."
St. George was a favorite patron saint of crusaders as well as of Eastern soldiers in earlier times. The story of St. George's slaying the dragon, rescuing the king's daughter and converting people to Christianity is a twelfth-century Italian fable. According to the Church, the dragon stands for wickedness, the king's daughter stands for God's holy truth. St. George was a brave martyr who was victorious over the devil.
Inside everyone of us there is some "dragon" we have to conquer. It might be pride, or anger, or laziness, or greediness, or something else. Let us make sure we fight these "dragons" with God's help. Then we can call ourselves real soldiers of Christ.
The story of the Great Martyr George against the dragon, the most famous is depicted in iconography. In the native-region of the saint, were many idol-worshippers. Outside the city which was situated on the banks of a large lake, in which lived an enormous dragon-like serpent. Coming out of the lake, it devoured people, and there was nothing the people could do since it infected the very air that came out of one of its nostrils.
On the advice of the demons inhabiting the idols, the ruler there adopted this decision: each day the people would cast lots to offer their own children as food, and when it was his turn he promised to hand over his only daughter. That time indeed did come, and the ruler, having dressed her in her finest attire, sent her off to the lake. The girl wailed bitterly, waiting her moment of death. Unexpectedly, the Great Martyr George rode up on his horse and with spear in hand. The girl implored him not to leave her, lest she would perish. But the saint, having caught sight of the serpent, signed himself with the Sign of the Cross and with the words "In the Name of the Father and of the Son and of the Holy Spirit," rushed off after it. The Great Martyr George pierced the throat of the serpent with his spear and trampled it with his horse. Then he let the girl bind the serpent with her sash, and like a dog, lead it into the city. The people fled in terror, but the saint halted them with the words: "Be not afraid, but rather trust on the Lord Jesus Christ and believe in Him, since it be He Who hath sent me to you, to save you." Then the saint killed the serpent with a sword, and the people burned it outside the city. Twenty-five thousand men, not counting women and children, were then baptized, and later a church was built in the name of the Most Holy Mother of God and the Great Martyr George.
Let his intercession be with us, and Glory be to our God forever. Amen.